There’s nothing like a road trip to experience a country. From coastal highways and dizzying mountain passes to scenic routes through national parks and bridges over great water spans, roads are the circulatory system that connects a country. After an extensive search online, the A&D has compiled a list of some of the world’s most beautiful, challenging, and unforgettable roads you must drive in your lifetime.
While hardly exhaustive, this list should provide great inspiration and bucket list fodder for those planning an upcoming trip.
01. Highway 1, Big Sur, California
State Route 1 (S.R. 1) is a major north-south state highway that runs along most of the Pacific coastline of the U.S. state of California.
The highway is famous for running along some of the most beautiful coastlines in the USA, leading to its designation as an All-American Road.
Highway 1 enters the Big Sur region, crossing the San Carpoforo Creek just south of the Monterey County line. For about 90 miles (140 km) from the San Carpoforo Creek to the Carmel River, the road winds and hugs the cliffs of Big Sur, passing various coastal parks in the area. The road also briefly leaves the coast for a few miles and goes through a redwood forest in the Big Sur River valley. This segment of the highway, built between 1919 and 1937, also crosses several historic bridges, including the scenic Bixby Creek Bridge shown above.
Photo by: Daniel Peckham
02. Furka Pass, Switzerland
Furka Pass (el. 2429 m.) is a high mountain pass in the Swiss Alps connecting Gletsch, Valais with Realp, Uri. The Furka Pass was a location in the James Bond film Goldfinger.
Photo by: Cooper.ch
03. The Atlantic Road, Norway
Opened on July 7, 1989, the Atlantic Road is a National Tourist Route and was honored as Norway’s Construction of the Century in 2005. The Atlantic is an 8.3 kilometer (5.2 miles) section of Country Road 64, which runs between Kristiansund and Molde, the two main population centers in More og Romsdal in Fjord, Norway. The road is built on several small islands and skerries connected by several causeways, viaducts, and eight bridges.
Photograph via KULfoto.com
Photo by: Giorgio Ghezzi
04. White Rim Road, Canyonlands National Park, Utah
The 100-mile White Rim Road loops around and below the Island mesa top and provides expansive views of the surrounding area. Trips usually take two to three days by four-wheel-drive vehicle or three to four days by mountain bike. All vehicles and bikes must remain on the roads. ATVs and non-street legal dirt bikes are not permitted. Pets are also not permitted, even in vehicles.
Under favorable weather conditions, the White Rim Road is moderately complex for high-clearance, four-wheel-drive vehicles. The steep, exposed sections of the Shafer Trail, Lathrop Canyon Road, Murphy’s Hogback, Hardscrabble Hill, and the Mineral Bottom switchbacks make the White Rim loop a challenging mountain bike ride and require extreme caution for both vehicles and bikes during periods of inclement weather.
Photo by: Dave W @ dwarn.blogspot.com
05. Tianmen Mountain Road, Hunan, China
Tianmen Mountain is located within Tianmen Mountain National Park, Zhangjiajie, in northwestern Hunan Province, China. A cable car operates from nearby Zhangjiajie railway station to the top of the mountain. It features 98 cars totaling 7,455 meters and an ascent of 1,279 meters. The highest gradient is an unusual 37 degrees. There is also an 11 km road with 99 bends that reaches the top of the mountain and takes visitors to Tianmen Cave, a natural hole at 131.5 meters.
Photo by: About Tiger on Flickr
Photo by: Peter Cheung
06. Seven Mile Bridge, Florida Keys
The Seven Mile Bridge is famous in the Florida Keys in Monroe County, Florida, United States. It connects Knight’s Key (part of the city of Marathon, Florida) in the Middle Keys to Little Duck Key in the Lower Keys. Among the longest bridges in existence when it was built, it is one of the many bridges on U.S. 1 in the Keys, where the road is called the Overseas Highway.
Photo by: (justtakemethere.tumblr.com)
07. Chapman’s Peak Drive, Cape Town, South Africa
Chapman’s Peak Drive winds between Noordhoek and Hout Bay on the Atlantic Coast of the southwestern tip of South Africa. The 9km route, with its 114 curves, skirts the rocky coastline of Chapman’s Peak (593m). The drive is affectionately known as “Chappies” and offers stunning 180° views with many areas where you can stop and take in the exquisite scenery.
Photo by: Ismail Omar
08. Stelvio Pass, Eastern Alps, Italy
The Stelvio Pass, located in Italy, at 2757 m (9045 feet), is the highest paved mountain pass in the Eastern Alps and the second highest in the Alps, slightly below the Col de l’Iseran (2770 m, 9088 feet). Stelvio was also picked by the British automotive show Top Gear as its choice for the “greatest driving road in the world,” although their search was concentrated only in Europe. This conclusion was reached after the team searched for a road to satisfy every “petrolhead’s” driving fantasies in the premiere of the show’s 10th season. Top Gear later decided that the Transfăgărăşan Highway in Romania was possibly a superior driving road.
Photo by: Damian Morys Photography
09. Col de Turini, France
The Col de Turini (el. 1607 m) is a high mountain pass in the Alps department of Alpes-Maritimes in France. It lies near Sospel, between the communes of Moulinet and La Bollène-Vésubie in the Arrondissement of Nice. It is famous for a stage of the Monte Carlo Rally, which is held on a tight road with its many hairpin turns. The Col de Turini has also featured three times in the Tour de France (1948, 1950, and 1975), averaging 7.2% over 15.3 km when approached from the East starting at the valley of the river Vésubie.
Photo by: It’s an iceberg, baby! on Flickr
10. Guoliang Tunnel Road, China
The Guoliang Tunnel is carved along the side of and through a mountain in China. The tunnel is in the Taihang Mountains in the Henan Province of China. To get there, you should start your trip in Xinxiang. Leave the city by driving north on Huanyu Avenue (the S229). After 13 miles, you’ll enter the town of Huixian. Stay on the S229 for 15 miles more until you reach the junction with the S228. Turn left here and keep following the S229. After 8 miles, you reach the village of Nanzhaizen. Turn left again and follow directions to Guoliang, 8 miles further.
Photograph via Blog-O-Rama
11. Denali Highway, Alaska
Denali Highway (Alaska Route 8) is a lightly traveled, mostly gravel highway in the U.S. state of Alaska. It leads from Paxson on the Richardson Highway to Cantwell on the Parks Highway. Opened in 1957, it was the first road access to Denali National Park (then known as Mount McKinley National Park). The Denali is 135 miles (217 km) in length.
Photo by: Tom Roche
12. Karakoram Highway, China/Pakistan
The Karakoram Highway (KKH) is the highest-paved international road in the world. It connects China and Pakistan across the Karakoram mountain range through the Khunjerab Pass, at an elevation of 4,693 m/15,397 ft. It connects China’s Xinjiang region with Pakistan’s Gilgit–Baltistan and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa regions and is a popular tourist attraction. Due to its high elevation and the difficult conditions in which it was constructed, it is also called the “Eighth Wonder of the World.” The Karakorum Highway is known informally as the KKH and — within Pakistan — officially as the N-35; within China, it is officially as China National Highway 314 (G314).
Photo by: bjapuri (Ed Sentner)
13. Great Ocean Road, Australia
The Great Ocean Road is an Australian National Heritage listed 243-kilometre (151 mi) stretch of road along the south-eastern coast of Australia between the Victorian cities of Torquay and Warrnambool. Between 1919 and 1932, returned soldiers built the road, the world’s largest war memorial dedicated to casualties of World War I. It is an important tourist attraction in the region. It winds through varying terrain alongside the coast and provides access to several prominent landmarks, including the nationally significant Twelve Apostles limestone stack formations.
14. Sani Pass, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
The Sani Pass is located in the western end of KwaZulu-Natal province of South Africa on the road between Underberg and Mokhotlong, Lesotho. Sani Pass is a notoriously dangerous road that requires a 4×4 vehicle. The Pass is approximately 9 km long and requires above-average driving experience. While South African immigration at the bottom of the Pass prohibits vehicles deemed unsuitable for the journey, the Lesotho border agents at the top generally allow vehicles of all types to attempt the descent. The border between the two countries closes at 4:00 p.m. every day, and the Pass is often closed due to weather conditions, especially during winter.
Photo by: Amada44 on Wikimedia Commons
15. Ruta 40, Argentina
National Route 40, or RN40 (often called Ruta 40), is a route in western Argentina, stretching from Cabo Virgenes in Santa Cruz Province in the south to La Quiaca in Jujuy Province in the North, running parallel to the Andes mountains. The southern part of the route, a largely paved road through sparsely populated territory, has become a well-known adventure tourism journey.
Route 40 is the longest route in Argentina and one of the largest in the world (along with the U.S. Route 66 and the Stuart Highway in Australia. It is over 5,000 km (3,107 mi) long, crosses 20 national parks, 18 major rivers, 27 passes on the Andes, and goes up to 5,000 m (16,404 ft) above sea level in Abra del Acay in Salta.
Photo by: m•o•m•o on Flickr
16. Going-To-The-Sun-Road, Glacier National Park, Montana
Going-to-the-Sun Road was completed in 1932 and is a spectacular 50-mile, paved, two-lane highway that bisects Glacier National Park east and west. It spans the width of the Park, crossing the Continental Divide at 6,646-foot-high Logan Pass. It passes through almost every type of terrain in the Park, from large glacial lakes and cedar forests in the lower valleys to windswept alpine tundra atop the Pass. Scenic viewpoints and pullouts line the road. In 1983, Going-To-The-Sun Road was included in the National Register of Historic Places, and 1985, it was made a National Historic Civil Engineering Landmark.
Photo by: at38000feet on Flickr
17. Dadès Gorges, High Atlas, Morocco
Carved over the centuries by the Dades River, the Dades Gorge is now a top-rated destination for travelers in Morocco. Travelers in 4WD (with a guide) can follow a mountain loop (at certain times of the year), following Dades Gorge as far north as Agoudal and heading south to head for Todra Gorge. It can be accessed from the small town of Boumaine, which lies 116 km northeast of Ouarzazate and 53 km from Tinerhir. A sealed road runs for 63 km through the Gorge as far as Msemrir. After that, 4WD is necessary. The best time to visit the lower valleys is from March to May, and the mountains are best from May to July.
Photo by: Rosino
18. U.S. Route 550 ‘The Million Dollar Highway, Colorado
U.S. Route 550 is a spur of U.S. Highway 50 that runs from Bernalillo, New Mexico, to Montrose, Colorado, in the western United States. The section from Silverton to Ouray is frequently called the Million Dollar Highway. The Million Dollar Highway stretches for about 25 miles (40 km) in western Colorado and follows the route of U.S. 550 between Silverton and Ouray, Colorado. It is part of the San Juan Skyway Scenic Byway. Between Durango and Silverton, the Skyway loosely parallels the Durango and Silverton Narrow Gauge Railroad.
Though the entire stretch has been called the Million Dollar Highway, it is twelve miles (19 km) south of Ouray through the Uncompahgre Gorge to the summit of Red Mountain Pass, which gains the highway its name. This stretch through the Gorge is challenging and potentially hazardous to drive; cliffs, narrow lanes, and a lack of guardrails characterize it. The ascent of Red Mountain Pass is marked with several hairpin curves used to gain elevation and, again, narrow lanes for traffic—many cut directly into the sides of mountains.
Photo by: flamouroux on Flickr
19. Trollstigen, Rauma, Norway
Trollstigen (English: Trolls’ Ladder) is a winding mountain road in Rauma, Norway. Part of Norwegian National Road 63 connecting Åndalsnes in Rauma and Valldal in Norddal. It is a popular tourist attraction due to its steep incline of 9% and eleven hairpin bends up a steep mountainside. Trollstigen was opened on July 31, 1936, by King Haakon VII after eight years of construction. During the top tourist season, about 2,500 vehicles pass daily.
The road is narrow with many sharp bends, and although several bends have been widened from 2005 to 2012, vehicles over 12.4 meters long are prohibited from driving. The 700-meter plateau has a car park and several viewing balconies overlooking the bends and the Stigfossen waterfall. Trollstigen is closed during autumn and winter. A regular opening season stretches from mid-May to October but may sometimes be shorter or longer due to changes in the weather conditions.
Photo by: Stefan Krause, Germany, on Wikimedia Commons
20. The Amalfi Coast, Italy
The Amalfi Coast is widely considered Italy’s most scenic stretch of coastline, a landscape of towering bluffs, pastel-hued villages terraced into hillsides, corniche roads, luxuriant gardens, and expansive vistas over turquoise waters and green-swathed mountains. UNESCO deemed it “an outstanding example of a Mediterranean landscape.” The coast was awarded a coveted spot on the World Heritage list in 1997. The Amalfi Coast lies along the southern flanks of the Sorrento Peninsula, a cliff-edged promontory that wanders out from the mainland at the southern end of the Bay of Naples.
Photo by: Wade 48 on Flickr
21. Transfăgărășan, Romania
The Transfăgărășan, or DN7C, is the second-highest paved road in Romania. Built as a strategic military route, the 90 km of twists and turns run north to south across the Southern Carpathians’ tallest sections, between the country’s highest peak, Moldoveanu, and the second highest, Negoiu. The road connects the historic regions of Transylvania and Wallachia and the cities of Sibiu and Pitești.
The road climbs to 2,034 meters altitude. The most spectacular route is from the North. It is a winding road dotted with steep hairpin turns, long S-curves, and sharp descents. Top Gear host Jeremy Clarkson said about Transfăgărășan that “this is the best road… in the world.” A title the program’s presenters had previously given to the Stelvio Pass in Italy.
Photo by: Horia Varlan
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